Square Foot gardening.

Square foot Gardening Method

Plan out your garden. Think about what you really want to grow. Keep in mind that square foot gardens tend to produce more than traditional gardens. Then have a look at what we can do to help Patchworkveg

Follow the directions on the seed packet. This means that some squares will only get one seed (tomatoes) and some can get lots more (carrots or radishes).

Store left over seeds in the original packet in an air tight container for up to two years in the refrigerator.

Weed your garden weekly. Because you know exactly what you planted and where you planted it you will be able to get the weeds before they can even develop roots. Weeding will be a snap. You can label each square if you prefer.

Water your square foot garden on a daily basis (preferably in the morning). Because of the limited size this will only take a few minutes. No more watering for hours on end.

Use a trellis to train the vine plants (cucumbers, beans, tomatoes). This will keep them from invading the other squares and it will keep the vegetables safe off the ground.

Plant spacings in a Square Foot Garden

Plant spacings are the distance apart you plant several of the same plant. In square foot gardens, that can be expressed as #/sqft (how many plants per square foot) or simply by inches in each direction. For instance, carrots are planted 16/sqft or 3" apart, because there are 4 3" segments in a foot (so square that, 4x4=16). The only exceptions are certain vining or very large plants that do not fit into individual square feet.

Please be aware that special varieties will require different spacing than is listed here. The spacings given here are for the most typical or common of the type of plant.

A rule of thumb for vegetables is to space root crops at twice the expected diameter of the mature produce. Other vegetables should be spaced so the leaves from adjacent plants overlap only sightly. Closer spacing often results in smaller sized vegetables but doesn't necessarily reduce yield because of the increased quantity. And many leafy plants will rot at the base if planted too close. How to space vining vegetables depends on the variety and whether they are grown on cages, trellises, stakes or allowed to run free.

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Basil: 1/sqft

Beans: bush-type 9/sqft; pole-type 8/sqft

Beets: 16/sqft

Broccoli: 1/sqft

Cabbage: 1/sqft

Carrots: 16/sqft

Cauliflower: 1/sqft

Celery: 4/sqft (6")

Chard(Swiss): 4/sqft

Cucumbers: 2/sqft in a row of 4 sqft

Garlic: 4/sqft (6")

Leeks: 9/sqft

Lettuce: 4/sqft

Marjoram: 4/sqft

Onions: 16/sqft

Oregano: 1/4sqft

Parsley: 4/sqft

Peas: 8/sqft

Peppers: 1/sqft

Potatoes: 1/sqft

Radishes: 16/sqft

Scallions: 36/sqft (2")

Spinach: 9/sqft

Squash, Summer: vine-type 3/4sqft  bush-type 1/3sqft

Squash, Winter: 1/2sqft

Sweet Potatoes: 2/sqft

Thyme: 4/sqft

Tomatoes: bush-type: 4/4sqft (see special grid); vine-type 1/sqft (in row of 4 on trellis)